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PHONE

A mobile phone, formerly also called a cellular phone, antenna phone or GSM phone (after the GSM mobile phone standard), also called a Natel in Switzerland, is a portable telephone that communicates with the telephone network via radio and can therefore be used regardless of location. In 2013, for the first time, more internet-capable mobile phones with touch-sensitive screens (smartphones) were sold worldwide than conventional mobile phones.

Smartphone (English, roughly " intelligent phone") is the name given to a mobile phone (colloquially mobile phone) with extensive computer functionalities and connectivity. Early smartphone precursors, around the end of the 1990s, combined the functions of a personal digital assistant (PDA) or organiser, with which one could manage contacts and one's calendar, for example, with the functionality of a pure mobile phone. Later, the functions of a portable media player, a digital and video camera and a GPS navigation device were added to the compact device. Central features are touch screens for operation and computer-like operating systems. Internet access is possible either via mobile broadband connection of the mobile phone provider or WLAN.


The term smartphone was first coined in 1999 by the Swedish company Ericsson. The introduction of the iPhone in 2007 by Apple led to a radical change in the mobile phone market and smartphones gained significant market share. Today, most mobile phones sold are smartphones. With internet access permanently with them, this triggered a change in internet usage behaviour, especially with social networks such as Facebook, and enabled new forms of communication via services such as WhatsApp and Instagram. However, these possibilities of permanent use can also lead to smartphone addiction and change the social behaviour of users.

In the 2010s, Android, which is now used by almost all manufacturers, prevailed as the most widespread smartphone operating system, followed at some distance by iOS, which is only used on Apple devices.

The smartphone became the quintessence of the digital lifestyle.